Nutraceutical and Dietary Supplement Approaches to Promote Health and Wellness
Achieving optimal health for all is vital to reducing stress, reducing disease risk, and ensuring positive interactions, and therefore knowledge of health and wellness is essential.
Understanding Nutraceuticals Supplements
Nutraceuticals are food or part of food prepared with extracts from natural and herbal ingredients to supplement the human body's essential nutrients and help treat or prevent disease. It may resource from multiple ingredients or a single ingredient.
Nutraceutical Supplements are prepared with substances or extracts from herbs and natural ingredients in the form of powders, granules, tablets, capsules, liquids, jellies, or other dosage forms that are commonly sold as 'health products that have health benefits.
Around 80% of people around the world rely on nutraceuticals and dietary supplements as part of their primary health care.
Nutraceuticals are helpful in promoting health in pre-illness or illness. Extensive nutritional supplements can help to recover faster after severe health conditions and boost strong immunity.
What are Nutraceuticals?
The term Nutraceuticals was originally coined by Dr. Stephen L. DeFelice (founder and chairman of the Foundation of Innovation and Medicine in New Jersey) from the terms "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical".
Nutraceuticals are derived from food-based ingredients including plants, herbs, and animals.
Nutraceuticals, Functional Foods, & Dietary Supplements
Nutraceuticals products are categorized under dietary supplements and mostly recommended for use to -
- improve health conditions,
- delay the aging process,
- prevent chronic diseases,
- increase life expectancy,
- support the structure or function of the body.
The term 'Functional foods' means foods that provide benefits beyond basic nutrition and may play a role in reducing the risk of certain diseases and other health conditions.
A dietary supplement is a product taken by mouth that contains a dietary ingredient and/or a new dietary ingredient intended to supplement the diet.
How do Nutraceuticals work in the Human body?
The concept of nutritional supplements is derived from the great philosopher and physician Hippocrates' quote let the food be your medicine and medicine be your food.
Nutraceutical products are used for the purpose of obtaining physiological benefits or preventing chronic diseases. The main goal is to maintain a balance between intake and nutritional requirements so that the causes and symptoms of diseases can be overcome.
it may have a very important role in human wellbeing
Formulation of Nutraceutical Supplements
There were many plants that were popular for their healing properties over the last millennia. Herbs and spices and their extracts are used extensively in the formulation of dietary supplements and nutritional products.
Generally, Nutraceutical supplements are made with formulation strategies. These are-
Addition of one or more essential nutrients to a food, whether or not it is normally contained in the food, for the purpose of preventing/correcting a demonstrated deficiency of one or more nutrients in the population or specific population groups.
Addition of essential nutrients to food that is lost during the course of the manufacturing process or during normal storage and handling procedures.
Used interchangeably with fortification but elsewhere it has been defined as the increasing the level of vitamins and minerals in foods.
In addition, nutraceutical supplements products may also contain ingredients, other than additives, which are either standardized or permitted for use in the preparation of other standardized foods.
Forms & Formats of Nutraceutical Supplements
Nutraceuticals are formulated in the form of powders, granules, tablets, capsules, liquids, jelly, or other dosage forms.
Nutraceuticals and dietary supplements are like Over-the-counter or OTC products. All of the nutraceuticals, vitamins, dietary supplements, herbal remedies, and OTC products do not require a prescription to buy.
Categories of Nutraceuticals
The food products used as nutraceuticals can be categorized as dietary fibre, prebiotics, probiotics, phytochemicals (phenolic acids, flavonoids, carotenoids, tannins, lignans, and stilbenes, antioxidants), and other different types of herbal/ natural foods.
|cereals and grains, Fruits, Oats, Barley, Beans, Cabbage|
|Chicory Roots, Banana, Tomato, Alliums.|
|Curd, Beverages, Yogurt, Cheese, and Pickles.|
|Citrus fruits. Vitamins like vitamin C, vitamin E, and carotenoids are collectively known as antioxidant vitamins.|
Vitamins and Minerals
|Fruits, vegetables, nuts, oils, and whole grains|
|Turmeric, garlic, ginger, fenugreek, onion|
Nutraceutical approaches to the treatment and prevention of diseases
Nutraceuticals have many beneficial effects; hence, they have been used for treating and preventing many health problems, such as cancer, inflammation, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes, and others.
Therapeutic effects of Nutraceuticals
Nutraceuticals and dietary supplements are not drugs or pharmaceutical-based solutions, but it has health benefits including treatment and disease prevention. Nutraceuticals effectively help in most therapeutic areas such as -
- cold and cough,
- sleep disorders,
- digestion, and
- prevention of specific cancers,
- blood pressure,
- cholesterol control,
- pain relief,
- depression, and
- diabetes mellitus
Safety and Standards of Nutraceuticals
At present, consumers are using dietary supplements for many indications believing them to be safer than synthetic substances, and this presumption of safety is erroneous.
Nutraceuticals regulation set out by US Food & Drug Administration in the USA and in India by the Food Safety Standard Authority of India.
In India, FSSAI regulates health supplements and nutraceuticals through Food and Safety Standards Act, 2006, and the regulations framed there under.
Health supplements and nutraceuticals
Despite the prevalence of consumption, there is limited evidence of health benefits related to the use of nutrients or supplements in well-nourished adults.